E-cigarettes use flavored tobacco and have become increasingly popular. The potential harmful risks of flavored tobacco remain unknown. A research group at Boston University evaluated whether flavoured tobacco is harmful, and if so, to what extent.

flavored tobacco

E-cigarettes use flavored tobacco and have become increasingly popular. The potential harmful risks of flavored tobacco remain unknown. A research group at Boston University evaluated whether flavoured tobacco is harmful, and if so, to what extent.

The popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has significantly increased over the past decade. The majority of e-cigarette users are smokers. This brings up an interesting question of whether e-cigarettes help in quitting smoking. On the other hand, e-cigarettes are also used by teenagers. It has been reported that teenagers who use e-cigarettes are at increased risk of using other tobacco products later on.

Other than cigarettes, tobacco products are allowed to contain flavored tobacco. The effects of the chemicals of flavored tobacco on the cardiovascular system have not yet been studied. One recent study observed that blood vessel constriction was impaired in individuals after using an e-cigarette. Although there is a correlation between poor blood vessel health and e-cigarette use, the mechanisms by which this occurs are not known, and whether the flavored tobacco may play a role is uncertain.

A research team out of Boston University developed a protocol that would allow them to determine whether flavored tobacco products are toxic to cells that make up blood vessels, and if so, what the toxicity level is. Their findings were recently published in the journal Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology.

They added a panel of nine different chemicals used in flavored tobacco to these cells. The research team consequently observed a number of measures of blood vessel and cell function, including measuring cell death, oxidative stress, inflammation, and the availability of nitric oxide.


Signs of concussion in children and toddlers | Medical Education Summit 2018 |Osaka | October | Submit your research paper | Medical News |

Concussion is an injury to the brain caused by either a blow to the head or body. A child’s developing brain is more at risk than an adult’s, so parents and caregivers may want to know the signs of concussion in children.

A survey published in 2017, looking at more than 13,000 adolescents in the United States, found that almost one-fifth reported having had a concussion at least once.

In this article, we will look at the warning signs and how to spot concussion in a child, plus what to do if you think a child has concussion.

What is concussion?

Concussion is a type of brain injury that happens when a blow to the head or body causes the brain to move in its surrounding fluid.

The brain can twist or knock against the skull, temporarily affecting how a child thinks and acts.

Concussion is a mild form of traumatic brain injury or TBI.

Signs and symptoms of concussion in children

It may not be a hard hit that causes a concussion. In most cases, the child does not lose consciousness.

Signs of concussion may not be obvious. They can be physical such as a headache, but may also show in the way the child acts or feels.

People should look for the following warning signs of concussion in children:

The signs of concussion do not necessarily develop right after impact. Some can take hours or even days to appear. Parents and caregivers must, therefore, keep a watchful eye on the child for some time after they hit their head.

The child or teen may not always be aware of their symptoms, and so adults need to watch for signs that the child may not report.

When checking for signs of concussion, people can ask questions, such as, does the child:

Concussion in babies and toddlers

Babies and very young children may not be able to tell you what is wrong. As well as all of the signs above, people should also watch for a young child who is:

What to do if you think your child has concussion

If the child is playing in a sport and someone or something hits their head, immediately stop them from playing any more and observe them. Many states in the U.S. have laws to make sure this happens, and all states have some concussion law.

If a person is unsure whether a child has got a concussion, the CDC recommend they should avoid returning to the game, including the slogan “When in doubt, sit them out” in their advice.

People must call a doctor if the child reports or shows any of the above symptoms or signs. These can happen at the time of the injury or several hours or days later.

When to go to the emergency room

In rare cases, a head injury can cause a hematoma in a child’s brain.

A hematoma is a collection of blood that forms in the brain and squeezes it against the skull. Doctors view a hematoma as a medical emergency.

People should either go to the emergency room or call an ambulance if a child has:



Medical Education Summit 2018 | Osaka | October 08-09, 2018 | Submit your research paper soon !!


medical and health conferences 2018 |oral presentation |seasonal variation among mother in a rural madagascar | October | 2018


Submit your abstract | Medical Education Summit 2018 | October 08-09, 2018 | Osaka Japan

Speech on : ” Factors associated with the seasonal variation of the nutritional status among mother in a rural setting in Madagascar”

SPEAKER : Lantonirina Ravaoarisoa

Reasearcher and Teacher assistant at faculty of medicine

National Institute of Public and Community health.medical and health science conferences

contact : health.medicine@rediffmail.com

brochure download : https://medicaleducation.healthconferences.org/conference-brochure.php